What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the force exerted by your blood against the walls of your arteries. Every time your heart beats, blood is pumped into your arteries. When your heart beats and pumps blood, your BP is at its greatest. This is referred to as systolic pressure. Your blood pressure drops when your heart is at rest, between beats. This is referred to as diastolic pressure.
What do blood pressure numbers mean?
Two numbers are used to measure BP:
- The first number, known as systolic BP, represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
- The second number, diastolic BP, measures the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats.
Categories of blood pressure
According to the American Heart Association, there are five BP ranges:
This level of hypertension requires immediate treatment. If your BP suddenly rises above 180/120 mm Hg, wait five minutes before taking another reading. If your results continue to be abnormally high, see your doctor right away. You could be having a hypertensive emergency.
Hypertension Stage 1
When BP continuously ranges from 130-139 systolic or 80-89 mm Hg diastolic, it is classified as hypertension stage 1. Doctors are likely to advise lifestyle adjustments and may consider adding BP medication at this stage of high BP, depending on your risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), such as heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension Stage 2
Hypertension Stage 2 is defined as a BP reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher on a regular basis. Doctors are likely to give a mix of BP drugs and lifestyle adjustments at this stage of high BP.
BP readings that are regularly 120-129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic are considered elevated. Unless actions are made to control the condition, those with high BP are prone to develop high BP.
BP readings of less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered normal. If your results fit into this category, keep to heart-healthy practices like eating a well-balanced diet and exercising regularly.
Blood Pressure Chart
Once you’ve calculated your numbers, you may use the BP chart to determine what they indicate and whether your it is within the normal range. Since the cut-off point for diagnosing high BP does not alter with age, the chart is appropriate for adults of all ages.
How to Make Use of a Blood Pressure Chart
Simply locate your top (systolic) number on the left side of the chart as well as your bottom (diastolic) number on the bottom. Your BP is measured where the two lines intersect.
High blood pressure
High BP is frequently associated with harmful lifestyle habits such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, being overweight, and not exercising enough. However, high BP, if left untreated, can increase your chance of developing a number of significant long-term health disorders, including coronary heart disease and renal disease.
Low blood pressure
It is less frequent to have low BP. As a side effect, some medications can produce low BP. It can also be caused by a variety of underlying illnesses, such as heart failure or dehydration.
What we recommend for you
- Beurer blood pressure monitors
BP monitors are extremely useful since they allow you to conveniently measure and monitor your BP every day in the comfort of your own home. Our blood pressure monitor measures your blood pressure and pulse rate swiftly, gently, and comfortably.